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Feeling the heat PDF Print E-mail
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Written by Ozaukee Press   
Wednesday, 24 August 2016 20:18

Global warming is a hoax perpetrated by China to trick the United States into cracking down on carbon emissions and making itself less competitive in the world economy.

Donald Trump said that. Considering the source, most people know the statement is utter nonsense.

“The climate hasn’t warmed in quite a few years. That is proven scientifically.”

That’s nonsense too. But the source wasn’t Trump. The outlandish statement was made  by U.S. Sen. Ron Johnson of Wisconsin, and it was surprising. Coming across as sincere, thoughtful and committed to conservative principles, Johnson seems like the quintessential anti-Trump Republican.

Johnson’s comment, made in an interview on a Racine radio station, received national attention because it was so astonishingly wrong. 

NASA reported in January that an analysis by its scientists and a separate study by National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration both found that surface temperatures on the earth in 2015 were the warmest since modern record keeping began in 1880.

The NASA report noted that 2015 temperatures extended a long-term warming trend, with 15 of the 16 hottest years on record occurring since 2001.

Johnson’s comment went even further than Republican climate-change-denying orthodoxy, which must have disturbed some of his environmentally aware supporters in Wisconsin.

Before he became successful in politics by defeating Russ Feingold in the 2010 Senate race, Johnson was successful in business. If he would apply some of the acumen that made him a lot of money in the plastics business to the issue of global warming, Johnson might see what is becoming clear to business leaders throughout the developed world: The cost to national economies of failing to deal with climate change will be far greater than the cost of reducing carbon emissions.

Multiple studies, including one by the international finance and banking giant Citigroup, project that the effect of global warming on agriculture, water, biodiversity and human health will cut gross domestic product by economically crippling amounts as early as 2030. By 2100, the Citigroup report says, unchecked global warming could erode world GDP by 23%.

ExxonMobil, which got to be the second largest company in the world by selling carbon in the form of petroleum, agrees that fossil fuel emissions cause warming and have to be reduced. The company states on its website that global warming could raise Earth’s surface temperature by a calamitous 6 degrees Celsius or more if steps aren’t taken now to slow the release of carbon. The Exxon website calls for a revenue-neutral tax on carbon-producing oil, gas and coal.

And speaking of China, in 2015 it spent $103 billion, more than any other country, on renewable energy, suggesting that America’s biggest business competitor sees global warming not as a Trumpian hoax, but as a threat to its economic interests.

Meanwhile, the process of harnessing renewable energy is achieving cost efficiency faster than almost anyone predicted, as technological breakthroughs in harvesting and storing energy generated by the sun and the wind outpace predictions. In the U.S., which can claim to be the birthplace of the entrepreneurial spirit, the shift from earth-warming fossil fuel-derived energy to renewable energy technology should be seen as an opportunity for history-making economic stimulus.

Worldwide, energy from renewable sources has risen to 15% of all energy production, a trend that could literally save the world if it continues.

Sen. Johnson must be aware of this. We’re pretty sure he doesn’t want any political tips from a community newspaper as he campaigns to keep his Senate seat, but we’ll offer some well meant advice anyway: Avoid insulting the intelligence of Wisconsin voters by denying climate change. In this (and in everything else) you can’t go wrong by being an anti-Trump Republican.

 
Blame the news media PDF Print E-mail
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Written by Ozaukee Press   
Wednesday, 17 August 2016 20:05

You know things aren’t going well for a Republican candidate for president when polls show him tied with the Democratic candidate in a region of southeast Wisconsin that is considered one of the most dependable GOP strongholds in the country.

That’s what the latest Marquette University Law School poll says about Donald Trump’s esteem among voters in a corner of the state, which includes Ozaukee and Waukesha counties, that favored Mitt Romney over Barack Obama by 14 points in 2012.

Trump is getting similar bad news from polls in areas of other states that usually vote Republican, and he’s making it clear in his boisterous rallies that he knows whom to blame: It’s the news media’s fault.

Trump may be a liar of unprecedented prolificacy among presidential candidates—the nonpartisan fact-checking organization PolitiFact rates more than 60% of his campaign statements as false or worse (“pants on fire”)—but he is telling the truth about the news media.

Political analysts attribute Trump’s slide in the polls to blunders such as his bizarre claim that President Obama founded ISIS, his provocative suggestion that gun enthusiasts could act against Hillary Clinton and his cruel attack on the parents of an American army soldier of the Muslim faith who was killed in action in Afghanistan, but it has really been the news media’s unwavering reporting of these disturbing statements that has given voters more reason to doubt Trump’s fitness for the presidency.

In each case, Trump reacted to overwhelmingly negative fallout by blaming the press for distorting his comments. This led to further scrutiny of his odd pronouncements, which led to confirmation that the mainstream print and electronic press had in almost every instance reported on them accurately and fairly.

The press, after a rough start, is finally doing its job covering a presidential race that is unconventional to say the least.

Early on, Donald Trump schooled the news media. He exploited news organizations, particularly those of ratings-hungry cable TV, with colorful behavior that garnered free exposure far in excess of that granted other candidates and propelled his surge in Republican primaries.

Meanwhile, the press, particularly the print variety, resorted to its old false equivalence habit to demonstrate its objectivity, equating the latest damning revelation about Trump with something negative about another candidate, suggesting the candidates were equally untrustworthy.

Hard lessons were learned. Today the same cable TV organizations, including CNN, MSNBC and others, that lavished uncritical attention on Trump now broadcast real-time fact-checking—pointing out misstatements on the screen as Trump speaks.

Newspapers, along with the Associated Press and network TV, now routinely add detailed context to reporting on Trump statements that exposes untruths, distortions and frequent factual mistakes.

Trump once merely ridiculed journalists (including a vicious impression of a respected reporter with a degenerative neurological condition), but he now rails against them in long diatribes. His frequent characterization of members of the press as “the lowest form of life” at campaign appearances is red meat fed to his true believers, who have been known to physically menace reporters while excoriating them as “fags” and “traitors.”

Trump’s performance at his rallies has been likened to playing to a mob, an assessment that is supported by a widely viewed video compiled by a team of New York Times reporters who have covered the rallies for the past year. In the video, Trump is heard inciting his audience to a frenzied point where a mention of Hillary Clinton elicits chants of “hang the bitch” and a reference to the current president of the United States is met with repetitions of an epithet that includes both the F-word and the N-word.

Trump blames the news media for his problems. He’s right to the extent that accurate reporting on a candidate’s penchant for spewing a toxic mix of vitriol and lies may to be leading Americans of various political beliefs to the conclusion that he should not be allowed anywhere near the White House.

 
The vitality of libraries PDF Print E-mail
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Written by Ozaukee Press   
Wednesday, 10 August 2016 20:35

Public libraries in Wisconsin took a hard hit in Gov. Scott Walker’s budget in 2011 with a deep cut in state aid. That hurt, and the pain continues because the reduced funding level has remained unchanged for the past five years. Still, state residents should probably be thankful it wasn’t worse, given the repeated pronouncements that the days of libraries are numbered in the Internet era.

Reports of the demise of libraries have not only been exaggerated, as in Mark Twain’s deathless quote about his own mortality, they’ve been flat wrong. Libraries have thrived even as the World Wide Web has expanded its influence as a repository of information.

  Libraries are still relevant because they have adapted adroitly to the rise of information technology by using the Internet and other means of electronic communication to provide some of their services and because the printed word—still the mainstay of library resources—remains a cultural necessity.

The community libraries of Ozaukee County reflect this vigor, and can look forward to an even healthier future thanks to the decision by the County Board last week to approve the merger of the Eastern Shores Library System, to which the public libraries in Ozaukee and Sheboygan counties belong, with the Mid-Wisconsin Federated Library System representing libraries in Washington and Dodge counties.

Library directors like the merger because it is expected that it will help make diminished state funding go further and give their patrons more materials combined with improved access. County officials like it because state law requires county funding for libraries and cost-saving efficiencies are expected under the merger.

The free services provided by community libraries include computers for the public to use, wi-fi, digital books for e-reading devices, DVDs and CDs and expert guidance from librarians to navigate the trove of information available in libraries.

But the heart and soul of these institutions remains the access they provide to the printed word—in current newspapers and magazines and archives of those publications and in books, especially in books.

It was heartening to read in an Ozaukee Press article that Tom Carson, the new director of Port Washington’s Niederkorn Library, plans to make expansion of the library’s already robust printed book collection a priority.

In this, Carson, who came from a position in the Kenosha public library, reflects what librarians across the country are seeing—resurging interest in ink-on-paper books.

Said Carson, “We can’t ignore technology, but we have to realize people still want print books. Studies are showing things are starting to balance out between print and digital.”

When sales of e-book and digital reading devices went through the roof in 2008 along with diminishing book sales, analysts predicted that e-books would overtake traditional books by 2015. It didn’t happen, and digital book sales have slowed markedly in recent years.

With today’s libraries, readers can order virtually any book in print with a few computer keyboard strokes on a website and pick it up at the library desk.

The vitality of libraries is bracing evidence that the culture of reading is very much alive, contrary to perceptions that Americans are increasingly spending their leisure time on such banal pursuits as binging on Facebook and Internet browsing and shopping.

If another reason to applaud the durability of libraries is needed, here it is: Libraries go back thousands of years. Their history shows they are fundamental requisites of civilization and that by making knowledge free to all who want it they are agents of human freedom. Recall what despots do first when they try to steal that freedom: They burn the books.

 
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